6.1 Mathematical prelude 1
6.1.1 Exact differentials 1
6.1.2 The "divide-and-hold-constant" method 3
6.2 The Maxwell Relations and other Useful Formulas 4
6.3 Thermodynamic Relations for Nonideal Behavior 6
6.3.1 Internal Energy and Enthalpy 6
6.3.2 Entropy 7
6.3.3 Heat Capacities 8
6.4 Nonideal gases with special process restraints 11
6.4.1 Isentropic process 11
6.4.2 Joule Expansion (constant internal energy process) 12
6.4.3 The Joule-Thomson Coefficient (constant enthalpy process) 14
Was this article helpful?
Global warming is a huge problem which will significantly affect every country in the world. Many people all over the world are trying to do whatever they can to help combat the effects of global warming. One of the ways that people can fight global warming is to reduce their dependence on non-renewable energy sources like oil and petroleum based products.