Chemical equilibria in environmental waters

Surface and subsurface waters often contain species (both ionic and neutral) that can have deleterious effects on animals and plants, and most importantly, on human health. The equilibrium aqueous chemistry of pollutants is one of many scientific aspects of their behavior in the environment. Potentially-harmful dissolved species range from inorganic ions to organic molecules to metals. Moreover, the oxidation state of the metals greatly influences the hazards posed by these species. An iconic example is hexavalent chromium, which is much more

dangerous than its lower oxidation states. Lead as the elemental metal is much less likely to be transported in the environment than the divalent ion dissolved in water.

Getting Started With Solar

Getting Started With Solar

Do we really want the one thing that gives us its resources unconditionally to suffer even more than it is suffering now? Nature, is a part of our being from the earliest human days. We respect Nature and it gives us its bounty, but in the recent past greedy money hungry corporations have made us all so destructive, so wasteful.

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