Since K is very large, inspection of the above equation shows that 5 must be very close to 0.5. The equation can be readily solved by setting 5 = 0.5 in the numerator and the last term of the denominator, giving:

Forming the ratio of Pu4+ to Pu3+ from the third column of the reaction progress variable table gives:

Thus, essentially all of the initial tetravalent plutonium is reduced to the trivalent state by addition of the ferrous ion solution.

Solution of this equilibrium by the element-conservation method is the subject of Problem 10.15. Problem 10.3 concerns a related ionic equilibrium calculation.

Solar Panel Basics

Solar Panel Basics

Global warming is a huge problem which will significantly affect every country in the world. Many people all over the world are trying to do whatever they can to help combat the effects of global warming. One of the ways that people can fight global warming is to reduce their dependence on non-renewable energy sources like oil and petroleum based products.

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