No H

(O2) = (A) - 6x(3) The standard chemical potential change for (3) is:

A^O =-2FsO =-2 x 96.5 x (-1.229) = 237kJ/mole Combining: A^O2 = AnA - 6A^3 = -380 kJ/mole

The equilibrium constant for the overall reaction is:

The mass-action law for reaction (O2) is:

8.314 x 298


Cethanol x pO.


O2 Ko2 x pO2

Comparison of the two oxidants Assumed conditions:

pCO2 = 3.5 x10-4 atm pO2 = 0.21atm p^ = 0.79 atm CH+ = 10-7 M CNO- = 0.2 M

Substituting into the ethanol-concentration equations yields:

Both oxidizing agents are very effective (thermodynamically) in breaking down ethanol in water. Removal of this particular pollutant is limited by kinetic factors.

380 x 103

Solar Panel Basics

Solar Panel Basics

Global warming is a huge problem which will significantly affect every country in the world. Many people all over the world are trying to do whatever they can to help combat the effects of global warming. One of the ways that people can fight global warming is to reduce their dependence on non-renewable energy sources like oil and petroleum based products.

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